Myocardial infarction or Heart Attack is when the heart muscles get injured due to a lack of oxygen. The heart muscles need continuous supply of oxygen for them to function, this oxygen is received through oxygen-rich blood coming in from the coronary arteries. The coronary arteries might become blocked maybe due to excess Fat, calcium or protein that have built up over the years. The build-up becomes hard at some point and bursts, subsequently platelets (the blood clotting agent) move to clot the ruptured area. The blood clot formed at the artery will block of totally any oxygenated blood from entering through the coronary artery, starving off the heart muscles. The more time it takes to receive treatment to remove the blockage, the higher the chances the heart muscles will be permanently damaged.
Heart Attacks are usually caused by poor lifestyle habits like smoking, chronic stress, being overweight, lack of physical exercise. Diseases like Diabetes and high blood pressure also cause heart attacks. You can also be genetic predisposed to heart attacks. Other factors like having a lower socioeconomic status and Alcohol abuse have been proven to increase your risk of getting a heart attack. Most of the heart attacks are quick and severe while others are slow and give a little bit of pain and uneasiness. Most people don’t get the same symptoms or at the same intensity, some might get a few while others might not get any at all and just go straight to cardiac arrest. A Myocardial infarction can start at any moment and any place, thus having knowledge of recognizing the symptoms might save your life. It is very advisable to call emergency services whether you are sure of a heart attack or not. Some of the symptoms that might signal the impending heart attack include;
1. The victim may get chest pains, pressure or a squeezing feeling. Heart attacks usually cause pain in the area around the heart that may last up to a couple of minutes. It is worth noting that about 60% of cases don’t get chest pains at all.
2. The concerned patient may also suffer from having trouble breathing or shortness of breath.
3. The patient might also sweat profusely, get nausea, and sometimes anxiety.
4. The victim may also get pain in other parts of the upper body like the arms, neck and jaw.
5. Irregularheartbeats can also be experienced before a heart attack
6. Indigestion may also be common although it might feel like having a heartburn.
Heart disease is the number one cause of death for both genders in the United States, with one person dying of it every 33 seconds. It is estimated heart disease will be the leading cause of death around the world in the next six years, killing far more women who get it than men. Heart attacks or heart diseases in general can be prevented by leaving a responsible healthy lifestyle by not smoking tobacco, doing daily physical exercise like running and walking and eating a healthy diet.
Annie Bonneville is a Passionate blogger. She works on behalf of ehic renewal. She has been writing contents on the web professionally since 2006. As an avid reader and blogger she shares her experience through articles on Travel, Education, Technology, Parenting and many more.